Seattle Permaculture Guild
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use bamboo where?
Plant list to accompany sketches. Notes:
North Hedge: Considerations are for a hedge that deer will not jump over, but that is low enough to still allow light into the garden. Also, parking will be occasionally necessary on the southern side of the fence. This can be low-impact if marked with pavers for tire-lines only. Roses, native and otherwise High Oregon Grape Yarrow Gooseberries Lupine Lomatium Vetch Fennel, or other carrot-family attractants for beneficial insects
Entry: Low enough to allow a welcoming vista from the road to the house. Good solar aspect but may be subject to deer browse. Asparagus Strawberries Kinnickinick Apple espalier Nodding Onion
Herb/Flower Beds: Perennials within easy access of the house. This includes kitchen herbs, medicinals, edible flowers, etc. Occasionally some plants may be dug up for harvesting and dividing, but these beds will remain productive and easy-to-maintain all year long. The southern-most bed will have sun-lovers and the plants will be increasingly shade-tolerant species as the bed moves north. Sage Borage Oregano Rosemary Chives Marjoram Thymes Lavatera Violets Daylily Oca Evening Primrose Echinacea Catnip Calendula Savory Parsley Poppies Perennial Onions Rhubarb Valerian, etc!.........
Annual/ Polyculture Beds: Southern-most production of vegetables. Some of the beds will be replanted every year on crop rotation. Others will be in perennial polyculture, reseeding themselves with vegetables that do well under those conditions. Even the annuals that are rotated can use companion and space-saving techniques (3 sisters: corn, beans, squash. Cucurbits on trellis, etc). Sunflowers grown near the greenhouse can moderate the temperature in high summer and also be easily netted to protect crop from birds. Greenhouse can be used for greens in winter and generally extending the season. Composting piles will also be in this general vicinity Examples: ¬Annual Crops Perennial Polyculture Tomatoes Leeks Corn Greens Beans Brassicas Squash Celery Basil Strawberries Root crops Nasturtiums
Small Fruit Tree Guilds: These can be scattered throughout the annual garden so they will get plenty of sunlight, but be on dwarf rootstock to allow light for the vegetables. The ‘guilds’ will be made up of complimentary plants too many to name here. Apples Pawpaws Peach Pear Plums Persimmon Fig Mulberry Medlar Dogwood
Low/Wet Area: This area on the Southwest side of the garden will be a perfect place for plants who like wetter conditions, but also sunlight. As this is also the border of the property, many of these plants can serve as a hedge to keep deer out. There are wetter spots and, as elevation climbs, drier spots. Blueberries Mints Bamboo High-bush Cranberry Cow-parsnip Willows, basket Salmonberry Currants Ferns Devil’s Club Thimbleberry Huckleberries
Food Forest: This is a big area extending from the back of the sunlit annual garden to nearly the north end of the property. As the beds move to the north the tree and berry varieties will get more and more shade tolerant. The trees will also be on semi-dwarf or standard rootstocks. There also may be archways and trellises for the vines, and the shape of these plantings will encourage nooks and ‘outdoor rooms’ each of a different personality. This also includes south-side berm plantings Apple Walnut Loquat Elderberry Plum Aronia berries Currant Amelanchier Almond Sea buckthorn Hazel/Filberts Kiwi Sugar Maple Goumi Blackberry Grape Rasberries Autumn Olive Cascara Fava Beans
North/West Hedge: This hedge will serve as a screen in the drier areas to the west and along the whole north side. These trees get bigger and provide shade and habitat. They may need to be harvested in the event of more pipeline work in the future. Some will require more sun to get established than others Red Cedar Bigleaf Maple Sitka Spruce Incense Cedar W. Hemlock Garry Oak Yew Elderberry Chestnut
Shade Garden: This area on the northside of the berm will consist of mostly natives that provide food and medicine. Salal Wild ginger Ferns Huckleberry Queen’s cup Woodland Strawberry
Sprout Garden: This will be a garden that may be incorporated within the gasline- fenced area or elsewhere, with a fence of it’s own It will provide seeds for sprouting. Quinoa Wheat Buckwheat Oats Alfalfa Millet